Famous Temples In India

India has been praised by some of the great people who have lived on the Earth. The evidence of Indian civilization can be traced back to thousands of years. It is interesting to note that the Origins of Hinduism belonged to the extreme north of India and Lord Shiva, who is the Hindu God responsible for the destruction in addition to Vishnu who is responsible for protection and Brahma who is responsible for creation are referred as the three biggest Gods of Hinduism.
The geographic land of India has several marks of faith spread all across its length and breadth. Certain structures have several centuries of devotion backing them, granting more authenticity and reverence.

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  • Kanak Vrindavan

    Famous Temples in Jaipur

    Jaipur is the capital of the Rajputs and the current capital of Rajasthan. The Rajputs are thought to be deeply religious and they’re embraced Hinduism as if it was a religion that they created. The commitment that the Rajputs head towards Hinduism is best felt in the temples that you can find around Jaipur. These temples are dedicated to various Gods and deities and they were built during different periods. There are temples that were built way back in the 11th century and there are also temples that were built as recent as the year 1988. Let us look at a few temples that you can find in and in the vicinity of Jaipur point

    Galtaji temple

    Galtaji-Temple

    This temple is an ancient Temple that is situated about 10 km from Jaipur and it is more of a temple complex that consists of multiple temples. This Temple also has sacred water tanks which were an essential feature of many temples in the entire stretch of the subcontinent. In addition to serving as the place where you literally cleanse yourself before approaching god, it also serves the purpose of saving water in a desert region like Rajasthan by providing a common bearing space without people getting disgusted about it since it involves God. The temple has multiple Gods like Balaji and Surya. There is also a temple called the Ram Gopal Ji temple which is also known as the monkey temple going to a large number of monkeys living in here. The Makar Sankranti which is the North Indian Equivalent of Pongal is celebrated quite exorbitantly in this Temple.

    Birla Mandir

    Birla-Temple-Jaipur

    The Birla Mandir is not probably and attraction exclusive to Jaipur. Almost every city has a Birla Mandir that was built by the Indian Millionaire Birla with his money. In Jaipur, this temple is situated on an elevated place at the foothills of the Moti doongari Hills in Jaipur. It was built in the year 1988 and looks quite new with all its Spotless marble exteriors. This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu who is responsible for protection and Goddess Lakshmi who is responsible for wealth. The lighting of this temple in the night is quite a lavish thing to look at and is surrounded by a lot of gardens.

    Sheela Devi Temple

    sheela devi temple

    Sheela in Sanskrit means garland. This temple is located inside the Amber fort and is dedicated to Goddess Durga. The idol of Goddess Durga was brought from Calcutta and to be specific, from jassur by Raja Mansingh and he consecrated the idol in its current place. Just like the Durga counterpart in Calcutta, the Navaratri is thought to be a famous festival in here and people from all over the city of Jaipur come to this temple to offer their prayers and praises.

    Govind Dev Ji temple

    Govind Dev Ji temple

    As the name implies, Govind Dev Ji temple is a temple that is dedicated to Lord Krishna and is an integral part of the city complex. Just like the Durga temple Idol was brought from Calcutta, the Krishna temple Idol was brought from the Vrindavan by Raja Sawai Jai Singh who was an ardent devotee of Krishna and Hinduism. This Temple takes part in all the celebrations of Hinduism all throughout the year including Ram Navami, Janmashtami, Navratri Diwali, Kartika Purnima and a lot more.

    Kanak Vrindavan

    Kanak Vrindavan

    The Kanak Vrindavan is originally a garden and is located on the way to the Amber fort. However, it is not the garden that takes priority but the temple dedicated to Lord Krishna. There are instances where people go to this Garden exclusively for visiting the temple dedicated to Lord Krishna.

    Moti Dungri Temple

    Moti-Dungri-Ganesh-Temple

    Moti Dungri temple is a temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha and was built in the 18th century by Seth Jai Ram Paliwal. It is situated on the top of a small hill and has amazing Gardens and surroundings including that of a palace. The temple is an important center of worship for the devotees of Lord Ganesha and is a place that many devotees from all over Jaipur love to worship in!

    Tejaji Mandir

    Tejaji Mandir

    Although traditionally Tejaji signifies Lord Shiva this temple is dedicated to a local folk God called Veer Teja. The Legacy of this Temple says that Veer Teja was born to a Jatt family and he was as a result of blessings from the Nagas. People from all over Jaipur love to visit this place. An important thing that is signified by the presence of this temple is that the people of Jaipur were not always confined to the mainstream Gods of Hinduism but also had their own local Gods as much as there are Ayyanaars in Tamilnadu.

    Neelkanth Mahadev temple

    neelkanth-temple

    Neelkanth Mahadev as the name implies is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is situated right in the city of Jaipur. Lord Shiva is worshipped as a Shiva Lingam along with other Gods like Goddess Parvati, Hanuman and the Bull called Nandi.

    Ganesh Mandir at Nahargarh Fort

    Ganesh Mandir at Nahargarh Fort

    While this Temple might not have a great significance as a place of architectural excellence, this one goes to prove that even Forts that were built for me or utility of protecting the city also had something to do with the Gods. The Ganesh Mandir is always decorated with gold and silver ornaments and there are also idols of Riddhi and Siddhi who were Ganesha’s wives and Shubh and Labh, Ganesha’s sons and additionally, even Ganesha vehicle, the mook.

    Needless to say, Jaipur has a lot of things that you can experience and enjoy but the presence of the temples in Jaipur gives a divine dimension to this place that makes it a very Holistic tourist destination. In addition to the present day, it also gives you an opportunity to reflect on the dedication and commitment that the kings of Jaipur head towards the religion, their Gods and the people who also needed a place of worship for them to attain peace tranquillity and prosperity!

  • Saree Dress Code

    Dress Code for Visitors in Tamil Nadu Temples

    It is often said that the mankind looks at the superficial aspects of anything whereas God looks at the heart of a person. Sometimes, it is a thing of debate if there should be a dress code for temples at all because all people are equal in the eyes of God irrespective of the person being a bigger or a rich person. However, to keep up with the decorum and the sanctity of the premises of the temple, most temples have a dress code. It is repeated that some of these dress codes are archaic and needs to be changed to suit to the Modern Times. However, some of the temples, in all their modernity, which incorporate lights, speakers and even internet-based booking of Darshan, have not changed the dress code that they have been upholding for centuries together.

    It is not about what you wear but the respect that goes into what you choose to wear to these temples that matter. In this regard, there are a few dress codes that can be said as timeless, at least until the near end of the future. Here are a few dresses that you can consider wearing in the temples of Tamilnadu.

    Saree

    The 6 or 9 years of playing clothing is considered to be the episode of homely attire for women in Tamil Nadu. Any woman who wears a saree is immediately considered to have a divine connotation. It is not meant to be judgemental about their character but more about their interest and initiation to wear a traditional attire that comes to the forefront. Never ever in history has there been a time when the wearing of saree has been debated. Sarees are considered to be the most convenient most comfortable and most accepted attire to wear during visiting the temples in Tamilnadu. The saree can be considered as the universal dress code to visit the temples in Tamilnadu and not only in this state but also in many other parts of India. A woman wearing a silk saree immediately evoke a feeling of being divine, and add that to a bunch of flowers on their hair and the vermilion on their forehead and its makes them look even more divine! After all, a woman is an embodiment of Shakti who is one of the most divine Goddesses in Hinduism, right?

    Churidar and salwar

    churidar and salwar can be considered as the Confluence between modern and traditional, and it also is the mid-point between what can be called as the convenient and divine. These clothings have all the comfort of modern clothes and some of them even have pockets that you can store your mobile phones in and they also come with a touch of traditional wear – the embroidery and the thread work are often depicted to have a traditional connotation with purely Indian designs. Some of the temples like the Guruvayur Temple mandate that women and men should not wear anything that splits their legs which puts out pants and churidar out of question for women and men, and mandates that only the dhoti and saree can be worn. However, most of the temples around the country do not have such rigid policies and they are ready to accept the salwar and kameez as a standard traditional attire which could be very well accepted as the mainstream dress code of temples, especially in cities like Chennai.

    Short kurtis

    A good religion is something that adapts to the changing times and there cannot be any other religion that does it as gracefully as Hinduism does it. In the same way, considering the convenience and comfort of women of these days and the fact that temple visit is mostly an auxiliary aspect of their daily life as opposed to the women in the Olden ages who were more of housewives and came to temples only for that particular cause, short kurtis coupled with denims have also started to become accepted attires in a lot of temples. People have come to realise that just because someone was an attire that is not very Indian in its Outlook doesn’t mean that they do not have Indian values in them. After all, when someone joins their hands and closes their eyes in reference to God, they do not even take moments to think about what they are wearing. It is all about submitting themselves to the divine will and to worship the holy entity with the respect that they deserve.

    Temples are centres of worship and they need to be treated with the respect that they deserve, as temples, as places of worship and as houses of Gods. Be humble ourselves to the mightiness of the gods in there and we are supposed to show the humidity in every aspect. While it might be debated continuously if temples deserve a dress code or not, it should be more of a debate on the mindset of people who come to temples. There are people who where the costliest silk sarees just to flaunt the richness and they come to temples to worship God just for namesake and on the other hand, there are women who wear t-shirts and denims walk in two temples and I go to the god in the fullest reverence that the God deserves. Sometimes it is not about the dress code but more about the worship God!

  • chidambaram-temple

    Famous Biggest Temples in Tamilnadu.

    The state of Tamil Nadu is very special when compared to the rest of India. It is a place that has beautiful balance between religion and it can be best felt in the Hindu temples that stand tall among the rest of the Other buildings in the landscape. It talks a lot about the importance that the kings of Tamil Nadu have given to the religion, Hinduism, temple and people who they wanted to respect the Gods of Hinduism. The temples in Tamilnadu or all around the place. The Kapaleeshwarar Temple in Tamilnadu is situated in Chennai which is to the north of the state and on the other side, there are temples even in Kanyakumari and Tirunelveli which belong to the southernmost tip of the state.

    We have compiled a list of temples that could be considered as the biggest in Tamilnadu.

    1. Sriranga Ranganathan temple in Trichy

     

    Srirangam_rajagopuram

    Ranganatha temple in Trichy is probably the biggest temple in Tamilnadu and one of the biggest in the world. This temple is dedicated to the Hindu deity Vishnu who is in charge of protection and as we all may have known, the three major Gods of Hinduism are Brahma Vishnu and Shiva. It is the glorified temple of the alvars and is much talked about in the literary work nalayira Divya prabandham and is also one among the 108 Divya desams dedicated to Lord Vishnu. There are over 600 inscriptions on this temple and the architecture of this temple is majorly and Dravidian. The interesting thing to note is that this temple is on an island which is bounded by river Kaveri on one side and river holiday on the other. The Srirangam temple is mentioned even in the Tamil literature belonging to the Sangam era of the first century a. D. This makes it one of the oldest temples in this region. This Temple also finds its mention in the Tamil epic silappadikaram. This temple is an important center of worship for Vaishnavism.

    1. Brihadishwara temple in Thanjavur

     

    Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur

    The brihadishwara temple also called the Raja Rajeshwara or the peruvudaiyar Kovil is a temple that is dedicated to eshwara or Lord Shiva and is located in the Thanjavur region of Tamilnadu. It is one of the largest South Indian temples and again, like many other temples in South India, is built in the Dravidian architecture. It was constructed by the great Chola Empire Raja Raja Chola in between thousand three and thousand 1080 and the greatness of this Temple makes it quite eligible and likely to be a part of the UNESCO World Heritage site. Mahashivratri in this temple is quite famous. For many people, to this day, the mystery of construction of this Temple leaves them spellbound. The intricate architecture on the top of the temple is so Complex that people are not able to comprehend the engineering that went into it and is often listed with the pyramids of Egypt for an architecture and Engineering beyond its time.

    1. Nataraja Temple in Chidambaram

     

    chidambaram-temple

    Before we go into the temple of Chidambaram, we have to Digras a bit to talk about the fact that there is a statue of Nataraja in the headquarters of the sun in Geneva. This Temple not only takes its fame from the architecture and awesomeness but also the science behind it. The magnetic center of the Earth is said to be concentrated in Chidambaram and the exact point is at the spot where the foot of Shiva performing the cosmic dance is located. Again, like any other Shiva temple, the Maha Shivaratri is quite famous here. This temple was built in the 10th century when Chidambaram was the capital of the Chola Empire. This temple is quite famous for the Statue of Nataraja which is one of the avatars of Lord Shiva performing the Ananda Thandavam or the cosmic happy dance.

    1. Meenakshi temple in Madurai

     

    Meenakshi temple

    The Meenakshi temple also referred to as the Meenakshi Amman temple are the Meenakshi sundareswarar temple is a historical Temple that is situated in the city of Madurai and on the banks of Vaigai river. Madurai in itself is a city of temples and this particular temple is dedicated to goddess Meenakshi, who is an avatar of Parvati and her husband Lord Shiva who is in this Temple known as sundareswarar. This temple is said to have been constructed in the 6th century and finds its mention even before in the Sangam literature. The temple was rebuilt after the 14th Century by the nyex who ruled this region as it was planted by the armies of the Delhi sultanate. This Temple attracts a lot of pilgrims from all over the world that goes to a million in the 10 day Meenakshi thirukalyanam festival where Chariot procession takes place. In all of this, this Temple has been adjudged as one of the cleanest places in October 2017 under the swachh Bharat campaign. This Temple has one of the largest temple complexes in the world and it will not be an exaggeration to say that the city of Madurai developed around this Temple.

    1. Palani Murugan Temple

     

    Palani Murugan temple

    Palani arulmigu Sri dhandayuthapani temple is one of the six abodes of Lord Murugan which is called as arupadai Veedu. For a lot of people in Tamilnadu, Lord Muruga is referred to as the Tamil God. As per the Legend, it is said that narada visited Shiva at Mount Kailash to present the fruit of knowledge and he would give it to the sun who Goes Around The World price. While Muruga took to going around the world on his peacock, Lord Vinayaka his brother went around his parents and claimed that his parents were his world. Impressed with this, the parents Shiva and Parvati give the fruit of wisdom to Vinayaka and this enraged Murga. Because of this, he went and sat on a mountain and it was the duty of narada to pacify him and bring him back. The mountain on which Murga rested is said to be this particular mountain and is considered to be one of the holiest place not only for the devotees of Muruga but in the entire scope of Hinduism. This Temple is visited by a lot of devotees from all over the world making it one of the biggest temples. The holy food called the panchamrutham which is offered in this temple is known all over the country.

    the entire state of Tamil Nadu is known for a lot of things that might not be found in any other place in the subcontinent. The temples that exist for contesting Gods is something that is interesting to note. There are temples for Shiva as much as there were temples for Vishnu and they are temples for Muruga as well. In addition to all of this, there are even minor temples for every village!

  • sri-kalahasti-temple

    Famous Lord Shiva Temples in South India

    It is interesting to note that the Origins of Hinduism belonged to the extreme north of India and Lord Shiva, who is the Hindu God responsible for the destruction in addition to Vishnu who is responsible for protection and Brahma who is responsible for creation are referred as the three biggest Gods of Hinduism. Hinduism is perhaps the only religion that has equal reference to destruction as much as creation. Lord Shiva, according to Legend, stays in The Kailas Mountains of Himalayas. However, the influence of this God can be found until the extreme south of the Indian subcontinent. There are Shiva temples dedicated to worshipping Shiva and his consort Parvati in various forms in various parts of South India.

    Let us look at a few important Shiva temples that find their presence in the south of the Tropic of Cancer.

    Mallikarjuna temple Srisailam

    Mallikarjuna temple Srisailam

    The Mallikarjuna temple is one of the Jyotirlinga is the radiant temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and is the only place in India where one can worship Shiva and Shakti in a single Temple. Legend says that when Lord Kartikeya was refused the fruit of wisdom, he decided to stay in Palani, which is in Tamilnadu. Shiva and Parvati, according to their promise to stay close by Karthikeyan at their home at the Srikalahasti Temple and that is the reason for the proximity between Palani and Srikalahasti. It also has to be noted that the Shiva Linga in this temple is worshipped with Jasmine flowers and that has given the name of this temple to be Mallikarjuna. there are legends that say that the Shiva linga in this temple where is commissioned by Lord Rama or the Pandavas.

    Ramanathaswamy Temple Rameswaram

    Ramanathaswamy Temple Rameswaram

    The ramanathaswamy temple in Rameshwaram is a very special one. It is not only because of its presence but also because of its contrasting history. Traditionally, according to Ramayana, the Rameswaram region was the place from which Lord Rama started his campaign against Ravana in Sri Lanka. However, in spite of Rama being a Vishnu avatar, one of the 12 jyotirlinga temples that is dedicated to Lord Shiva is located in Ramanathapuram. What is more interesting is that the temple had survived the pic of rivalry between the devotees of Vishnu and Shiva who were always at loggerheads during the medieval Tamilnadu. The ramanathaswamy temple is referred to as the paadal petra stalam which technically means the place from where songs where born. The 9 Mars who were the designated highest devotees of Shiva and the best of them like the upper, Sundara and 3 gnanasambandar have glorified the temple with their songs. Given the temples affinity to both Shiva and Vishnu, this temple is famous among both the devotees. The architecture of this temple is nothing short of magnificent. The longest Temple corridor is situated in here and the site of the pillars converging at a single point is nothing short of astounding.

    Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur

    Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur

    The brihadishwara temple in Thanjavur is also called as rajarajeswaram or peruvudaiyar Kovil. Which is an exemplary episode of the Dravidian architecture and it was built by the famous Chola Empire Raja Raja Chola between thousand three and thousand 1080. The share magnificence of this Temple has earned this place a recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The architecture of this temple is baffling to the engineers even of this day. This temple and its nomenclature is a good example of how there was a perfect balance between Tamil and Sanskrit in 10 days. The brihadishwara literally means great river in Sanskrit. This temple is situated about 350 km from Chennai and there are a lot of buses that connect Thanjavur to a lot of major cities. The nearest airport is the Tiruchirapalli airport and this Temple lies in the Cauvery Delta region.

    Shore temples of Mahabalipuram

    Shore temples of Mahabalipuram

    The shore temples are a huge temple complex out of which only one of the seven survives to this day. It was built between 707 28 ID and it is interesting to note that Mahabalipuram was one of the most important and the busiest ports not only in India but in the entire world during the reign of king narasimhavarman of the Pallava dynasty. This temple is one of the oldest structural stone temples in South India. It was so magnificent and respected that Marco Polo, the famous Explorer who took noodles from China and made it into Pasta in Italy called it the seven pagodas. This Temple, again is a great example of how shaivism and vaishnavism coexist peacefully in Tamilnadu. As much as there are structures that showcase the family of Lord Shiva, there is also a structure that showcases Vishnu in his reclining posture, Krishna dancing over the 7 food Serpent and a lot more that show even Goddess Durga has Mahishasura Mardini. The very presence of Shiva in this temple elevates the status of this Temple as one of the most revered places of worship in ancient India.

    Meenakshi sundareswarar temple in Madurai

    Aalavaai Madurai Sundareswarar -Chokkanathar Temple

    Meenakshi sundareswarar temple, very concisely known as the Meenakshi temple or the Meenakshi Amman temple is probably the one building That Gives Madurai all its importance as an important center of trade, literature and even government. This temple is an excellent example of how the South Indian social system gave a lot of importance to women. This Temple has its main god as Meenakshi who is a form of Parvati and Shiva is only an auxiliary detail in this Temple. This Temple does not have a fixed day of origin but it finds its mention as early as the texts from the 6th century a. D. This temple was rebuilt in the 14th century and again built in the 17th century after the plundering of the Delhi sultanate Army’s lead by Malik kafur. This temple is an important center of Shiva worship and there are a lot of sculptures and narrative that are dedicated to Vishnu as well because Vishnu is considered to be a brother of Meenakshi. The Meenakshi temple also includes sculptures of Lakshmi, Krishna playing the flute, Brahma, Saraswati, Rukmani and a lot of other divine entities. Without the advent of urbanization and skyscrapers Unlike the cities like Mumbai and Chennai, it is not an exaggeration to say that the Meenakshi temple dominates The Skyline of the city of Madurai. The city of Madurai, much like Varanasi, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

    Eshwara Temple Srikalahasti

    sri-kalahasti-temple

    There are some places that have famous temples in them. At the next level, there are places that get their name because of the presence of temples. The town of Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh is named after the srikalahasteeswara temple in that town. This place is situated at about 35 km from Tirupati and is famous for the Vayu Lingam which is one of the Pancha bootha sthalams that are dedicated to the five forces of nature and why you represent in the wind. The inner part of the temple was constructed by the Chola and the outer part of the temple was constructed by the Vijayanagara Kings. The first part was built in the 5th century and II, in the 12th century. Lord Shiva is worshipped as kalahastheeswara in this Temple.

    The very presence of these many Shiva temples, in addition to the only place where Shiva and Parvati can be worshipped in one shot, the Meenakshi temple where Parvati has more prominent than Shiva and the many Jyotirlingas show the acceptance of the South Indian kings and the welcoming nest of their culture that they gave some of the most prized parts of their land to construct those temples that today would be known as the landmarks, not only in the field of architecture but also in the field of acceptance and culture!